Tennis is a complex that requires speed, power, endurance, balance and coordination. A player needs to have perfect hand-eye coordination and the entire body participation to run, position, swing and hit. As a result, injuries can and do occur. The rate of tennis injury in the general population is five injuries per 1,000 hours of participation.
Sports injuries can fall into one of two categories: acute and chronic.
Acute injuries result from a singular incident. It may be a strain or sprain. This injury may stem from a fall, a collision, or simply contorting the body into an unnatural position.
Chronic injuries, on the other hand, are built up over time. These injuries result from continual improper use or simply from overuse of a specific body part.
Below are five common injuries associated with tennis.
Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, refers to the inflammation of the tendons joining the forearm muscles to the outside of the elbow. Tennis elbow is often the result of overuse. While it can occur in non-athletes, it is common among athletes who play tennis and other racquet sports. Symptoms of tennis elbow include pain or burning on the outside of the elbow and weak grip strength. You may find that the symptoms are worse with forearm activity.
>> Read more about Elbow Pain
The rotator cuff consists of four muscles and tendons that provide stability and mobility to the shoulder. The rotator cuff can tear gradually, due to overuse; however, it can also result from an acute injury. Symptoms of a rotator cuff tear include pain, tenderness and weakness in the shoulder, difficulty lifting the arm, snapping and crackling noises with moving the shoulder.
>> Read more about Shoulder Pain
Tennis Knee: Patellar Tendonitis
This condition is sometimes called jumper’s knee. Patellar tendonitis can affect tennis players of all ages. While jumping and landing repetitively, it’s common for tennis players to place immense stress on the knee. Landing on especially rough surfaces (such as cement) and taking your activity to the extreme can contribute to this injury. Symptoms like pain and swelling generally develop below the knee.
>> Read more about Knee Pain
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A common mistake by beginners is the intentional high-impact swing of the wrist in a snapping effect. It will not only affect the serve but also your wrist.
>> Read more about Wrist Pain
Ankle injuries are common in tennis due to the frequent sudden sideway movements causing the ankle to twist. A twisted ankle may damage the ligaments and soft tissues near the ankle resulting in a sprain.
>> Read more about Ankle Pain
Although injuries can be stressful, fortunately, most of the injuries can be minimized or prevented entirely by proper conditioning, proper technique, appropriate equipment and seeking the right medical attention.
Rest, icing, and medications can sometimes relieve the pain from mild injuries. However, it is important to seek treatment when pain lasts for several days and is not relieved by any of these measures.
At ACC, we have successfully treated many tennis players who have been injured during competition and practice. By applying effective and advanced treatments adapted from the US and developed countries, ACC has helped many professional athletes and active individuals recover and avoid future injuries from occurring on the court.