Treatment and cure of elbow injuries.
As with the shoulder, there are a number of different injures that can result in elbow pain. The two most common are:
Tennis Elbow (“Lateral Epicondylitis”)
Golfers Elbow (“Medial Epicondylitis”)
Effective treatment almost always includes a combination of Chiropractic manipulation and Physiotherapy and Kinesio Taping. Acupuncture is also very often helpful in increasing the speed of healing.
Most elbow injuries are a result of sporting injuries. At ACC, we regularly treat professional and amateur athletes for both conditions. However, we are seeing an increase of elbow problems that develop as a result of too many hours on the computer or poor work stations.
Tennis and Golfers Elbow are very similar. Tennis Elbow affects the outside of the elbow (lateral), however, Golfers Elbow affects the inside of the joint (medial).
Tennis Elbow is the most common of all elbow injuries. Fortunately, it is the easiest to treat.
Tennis Elbow occurs when there is damage to the muscles, tendons, and ligaments around the lateral aspect of the elbow joint and forearm. Small tears, called micro tears, form in the tendons and muscles which control the movement of the forearm.
These micro tears eventually lead to the formation of scar tissue and calcium deposits. If untreated, this scar tissue and calcium deposits can put so much pressure on the muscles and nerves.
Golfers Elbow is very similar to Tennis Elbow, but the injury is sustained to the inside (medial aspect) of the joint. By far the most common cause of Golfers Rlbow is overuse. Any action which places a repetitive and prolonged strain on the forearm muscles, coupled with inadequate rest, will tend to strain and overwork those muscles.
There are a number of techniques which will help to prevent elbow injuries including bracing and strapping, modifying equipment, taking extended rests, and even learning new routines for repetitive activities. However, there are three preventative measures that we feel are far more important and effective than any of these. First of all, a thorough and correct warm up will help to prepare the muscles and tendons for any activity to come.
Without a proper warm up, the muscles and tendons will be tight and stiff. There will be limited blood flow to the forearm area which results in a lack of oxygen and nutrients for the muscles. This is a sure-fire recipe for a muscle or tendon injury.
Before any activity, be sure to thoroughly warm up all the muscles and tendons which will be used during your sport or activity.
Secondly, flexible muscles and tendons are extremely important in the prevention of most strain or sprain injuries. When muscles and tendons are flexible and supple, they are able to move and perform without being over stretched. However, if your muscles and tendons are tight and stiff, it is quite easy for them to be pushed beyond their natural range of movement. When this happens, strains, sprains, and pulled muscles occur.
To keep your muscles and tendons flexible and supple, it is important to undertake a structured stretching routine.
Thirdly, strengthening and conditioning the muscles of the forearm and wrist will also help to prevent and rehabilitate Golfers and Tennis Elbow.